March 19, the Turkish cargo ship “Lyra” knocked away a column of this connection under construction between mainland Russia plus the Crimean Peninsula. The before construction was checked by President Vladimir Putin day. “Arkady, come here, don’t hide. The head of state called to frame a group photo on the background of the Straits of his old friend businessman Arkady Rotenberg if anything, asking will be with you” — with these words. Their business “stroygazmontazh” (SGM), before any regards to the construction of bridges didn’t have, without competition has gotten a agreement to build essential for the country crossing.
Who’s to be blamed for the accident, the research shall show. But an eyewitness towards the collision, the captain associated with the Kerch ferry “Victory” Oleg Semenyuk claims that the connection supports when you look at the time of the accident are not highlighted. The agent of SGM stated RBC that on aids in accordance with the rules of illumination shouldn’t be, nevertheless the working bridge great site structure that is(temporary, including for the distribution of creating materials towards the construction web web site) during the time of the accident had been marked with alert lights and fences-buoys.
Whom and exactly how reliable builds bridges in Russia and they are there enough of these crossings when it comes to country that is largest in the field — the research of RBC.
Just how many bridges that are russian exactly exactly what condition are they in?
“We have to offer when you look at the complete feeling of transportation connectivity, the unity of this whole Russian territory,” Putin stated in the message towards the Federal Assembly in December 2012. The President made a blunder in terminology: the street builders have actually the style of “connectedness”, as well as the country that is largest on the planet using the “connectedness” there was a challenge.
All roads tend to Moscow, where he hit a traffic jam on the ring road, to solve the problem only started to reconstruct the Central ring road (Central ring road in Moscow) in the report of the Institute for transport Economics and transport policy studies compares the structure of the road network in different countries: Canada, China, Germany, USA — a neat grid, transport connections established between all the States, provinces, lands, Russia — radial structure. The present scheme for the road nearly coincides because of the animal energy system of roadways associated with the Russian Empire, jokes the Director regarding the Institute Mikhail Blinkin.
More difficulty compared to road, is just A russian bridges.
In accordance with Rosstat in the final end of 2014 (the most recent available), in Russia there have been 42 thousand of bridges and overpasses — just 200 devices significantly more than in 2000. The length of the structures in that time has exploded from 1.5 million linear foot to 2.1 million simply the amount of roadways into the same duration increased by 70% (mostly, nevertheless, because of the addition into the data of neighborhood roadways, which formerly failed to make it happen). Only by 2009, the previous Minister of transport Igor Levitin has guaranteed the President in order to complete all the bridges, were only available in Soviet times.
Russia lags behind into the wide range of railway bridges. Regarding the Railways RZD — 30,5 thousand of bridges and overpasses by having a total amount of 993 thousand linear meters — almost the exact same in amount and halved in total than regarding the roadways in Russia. In america in the railroads — 100 thousand bridges.
42 thousand bridges, or 72.5 thousand train — a complete lot or just a little for the nation, regarding the territory of which moves 2.8 million streams? Through US flows 250 thousand streams, and bridges on it — 600 thousand as well as train.
Formal data of not enough bridges will not occur in Russia, but indirectly this can be judged by two indicators. First, the quantity of permanent crossings — summer and winter. 257 3.5 thousand summer time and cold weather crossings is an extremely indicator that is high for such a large country (information for the conclusion of 2014; for contrast, in america, according into the 2010 census, 485 ferry terminals).
Next, concerning the not enough bridges are judged with regards to of transport detour — the difference between the exact distance between points the and B on a lawn and through the atmosphere. For instance, in Moscow the re-run is 70-80% against 20-25% in Western Metropolitan areas, stated the Deputy head for the specialist center Probok.net Andrey mukhortikov. In Russia, adds Blinkin, no town having an index much better than 50%. As an example, to obtain through the local center associated with Arkhangelsk area into the primary destinations for the region — Solovetsky Islands (or in other words, the nearest settlement in the land — the town of Solovki) — it is crucial to operate a vehicle the automobile for about 1.2 thousand km detour through the Republic of Karelia, once the crow flies there was 240 kilometer (information for public service “Yandex”).
The head of the Department of industry and trade of Bashkiria Iskander Makhmudov recalls the following story: bought by the state in 2014 Japanese tomograph went to the clinic six months, during which not only changed the exchange rate, but also dried up coolant in the unit about the Russian re-run.
Every bridge that is ninth Russia — wood. In the last 15 years, their length that is total was by roughly 30%. Many of them in Khabarovsk Krai — 706, or higher 60% for the total. Into the Arkhangelsk area 66% of all of the bridges are wood, in Zabaykalsky Krai — 624 wooden connection, nearly half, into the Irkutsk area — 569, a lot more than 40%.
But, wooden bridges aren’t so incredibly bad: in certain regions it really is low priced and possibly the replacement that is only of tangible bridges, which, most probably, there won’t ever be built. Where’s the essential major bridges in Russia?
The share of Federal roads (entail bridges), appropriate regulatory demands, in 2015 ended up being just a bit more than 60%, based on the latest information associated with the Federal road Agency. As mentioned when you look at the conclusions associated with the worldwide position worldwide Competitiveness Report around the globe financial forum, Russia the standard of roads 123 takes place from 140 and it is positioned between Sierra Leone and Benin.
You will find data as well as specific bridges. State just 20% of bridges in Russia during the early 2000s, the Ministry of transportation with its “concept of enhancing the condition of bridge structures” was examined as “good”. Another 18% of bridges for the reason that right time was at bad condition, the hazard ended up being 1% for the facilities — a bit more than 400. Now the Federal state data solution reports on significantly more than 500 bridges in Russia, travel on that will be insecure, just since 2013, their quantity increased by very nearly one hundred (even though the concept that is same you published into the transportation Ministry, by 2005, the “deficient” bridges in Russia must not remain at all).
The MOE since 1995, this has recorded 26 cases of collapsing road bridges (mostly due to collisions of vehicles with bridge structures).
Just in 2016 and just in Primorye collapsed four bridges. One of these, that is neighborhood to collapse scrawled “Obama — sucker”, has linked Vladivostok and Nakhodka.
That is in charge of Russian bridges?
Type of ownership of category of bridges as a whole coincide with roadways — you will find bridges of Federal importance, local and municipal. Federal road Agency of transportation Ministry (Rosavtodor) manages more or less 5 thousand of bridges, local or municipal authorities — 34 thousand bridges and personal owners when you look at the Moscow region Shchelkovo town connection through Klyazma river in 2001 ended up being sold to your owner for the local marketplace for 700 thousand rubles., and from now on is in disrepair and never operating. It is possible to privatize former bridge that is departmental make driving through it pay-as Irkutsk. Finally, you can find orphan bridges — when audited within the Crimea, discovered 10% of bridges which are not sitting on someone’s stability sheet, abandoned and dilapidated. In other areas of the nation examples that are such additionally lacking.
Construction and upkeep of bridges (and roads), predominantly when you look at the spending plans of various amounts. In the stability sheet associated with the Federal road Agency — 50 thousand km of roads — 4% of the total size, their content in 2015, had been allocated 220 billion rubles, the budget of this Agency amounted to 530 billion rather than the formerly prepared RUB 574 billion rubles In 2016, the Agency’s spending plan paid off by 43 billion total on the couple of years the Agency has lost 87 billion roubles To elements of the 1.4 million kilometer of roadways, the full total measurements of local road funds in 2015 (latest available data) — 445 billion. this cash is simply 13% “regulatory demands for the upkeep and fix associated with the local road network”, in accordance with the quotes of Association rador.